Southampton

United Kingdom

Union-Castle House in Herbert Walker Avenue

Now converted into apartments

SS United States arriving

Pendennis Castle on 104 berth

Western Docks

Windsor Castle on 104 and Pretoria Castle on 102

Eastern Docks in 1938

L to R Capetown Castle, Walmer Castle, Athlone Castle & Carnarvon Castle

Clans Ranald, Robertson and Ross awaiting the start of the fruit season

On 101 berth

1966 Seamen’s Strike

101 berth Edinburgh Castle, Reina Del Mar and Good Hope Castle

102 berth Canberra and Arcadia

104 berth SA Vaal

106 berth Queen Elizabeth

The Port of Southampton is a passenger and cargo port located in the central part of the south coast of England. The modern era in the history of the Port of Southampton began when the first dock was inaugurated in 1843. The port has been owned and operated by Associated British Ports since 1982, and is the busiest cruise terminal and second largest container port in the UK.

The port is located ten miles (16 km) inland, between the confluence of the rivers Test and Itchen and the head of the mile-wide drowned valley known as Southampton Water. The mouth of the inlet is protected from the effects of foul weather by the mass of the Isle of Wight, which gives the port a sheltered location. Additional advantages include a densely populated hinterland and close proximity to London, and excellent rail and road links to the rest of Britain which bypass the congestion of London.

The average tidal range is approximately 5 feet (1.5 metres), with 17 hours per day of rising water thanks to the port's "double tides". These allow the largest container and cruise ships access to the port for up to 80 per cent of the time, according to the container terminal operator DP World Southampton. The effect is a result of tidal flow through the English Channel: high tide at one end of the Channel (Dover) occurs at the same time as low tide at the other end (Land's End). Points near the centre have one high water as the tidal swell goes from left to right, another as it then goes from right to left. Neither is as high as the one at each end.

Western Docks with Edinburgh Castle, Canberra, SA Vaal and Queen Elizabeth alongside.

From B&C Review December 1970

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