Capt. A McLean Wait

One of the ships Wait captained in 1889 was the RMS Spartan a much bigger ship than the American with a larger crew. He is seen here on board in the middle of his officers

 THE LOSS OF THE “AMERICAN”

The crew were assembled on deck and ordered to prepare the lifeboats for abandoning ship. The meal of beef, sausages, biscuits and lobsters prepared for breakfast by Chief Steward Royal’s department was quickly transferred to the lifeboats. At 8 am. Captain Wait gave the order to disembark. In this picture John Henry Royal in steward's uniform is seated in the middle. The thirty women and children were first handed down to the eight boats that had been assembled. The rest of the passengers and crew followed them. Captain Wait was the last to descend the now sloping ship’s side as they all pulled away on the calm sea to watch the American go down stern first six hour later.

Sails were raised and orders were given to stay together and steer for the nearest land at Cape Palmas on the Ivory Coast 250 miles away

The three fastest boats out-sailed the others in a rainstorm and three days later at 6 am, the British & African liner S.S. “Congo” picked up 50 passengers and crew who had been missed by the passing S.S. “Balmoral Castle”.   The “Congo” set course for Madeira after a fruitless search for other survivors.   

All the remaining boats had now become separated but on the moonlit night of Aprl 29th the lifeboat with Captain Wait and Chief Steward Royal aboard was picked up by the barque “Emma F. Herriman”, a five-masted sailboat of U.S. registry and trading in palm oil and hides.   

Later two more lifeboats were sighted and 65 weary survivors  were crammed into the small evil smelling place on deck.

Captain Upton of the Herriman sailed close to shore and sighted the SS Coanza which on May 7th took the exhausted souls to Grand Bassa in Liberia where after a dinner and dance with the Governor the ill-fated British & African Liner SS Senegal took them to Sierra Leone.


 

On May 12th. en route to Las Palmas, Grand Canary, the Senegal hit a rock 12 miles out. Captain Keene ordered full speed ahead to beach the ship before she sank but when the boats were lowered there was a general panic and rescued American passenger, the Honourable S. Paterson, Member of the South African Assembly was caught in the churning propeller and never seen again.

The bedraggled passengers and sailors spent the night on the beach then took mules overland to Las Palmas where the SS Teuton transported them to Madeira for the SS Nyanza to take them on the final leg back home to Southampton.

Of the two remaining American lifeboats the German Schooner Moltke picked up one after seven days. The last, the dinghy captained by the quartermaster, was not found until mid July when its occupants were taken on board the Portuguese brig Tarujo. Later transferred to HMS Dwarf they finally arrived at Cape Town on July 21st. In all, 39 vessels from canoes to liners were involved in the search for survivors of the stricken American.

A later enquiry stated, “The Captain, officers and men deserve great credit for the way in which in their several stations they did everything they could to save the ship and the lives of the passengers”.

The Union Line honoured Captain A. McLean Wait and in 1893 he became Marine Superintendent in Southampton after serving on six other Union ships. Following the amalgamation of the Union and Currie lines into Union-Castle he was assigned to run their New York office where he died in 1907 at the age of sixty.


 



Vessels Commanded

From

To

American

4/1880


German

12/1881

2/1882

Spartan

12/1884


Tartar

11/1890

8/1893

Appt Marine Supt.



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