LLANDAFF CASTLE was built in 1926 by Workman, Clarke & Co. at Belfast with a tonnage of 10786grt, a length of 417ft 2in, a beam of 61ft 7in and a service speed of 14 knots.
Sister of the Llandovery Castle (2) she commenced operations on the Round Africa service on 6th January 1927.
In 1940 she carried the first child evacuees to South Africa and was later rushed into service as a troopship between South and East Africa in support of the Abyssinian and North African campaigns.
On 25th December 1940 she was in a convoy which was attacked by the German heavy cruiser Admiral Hipper but, fortunately, HMS Berwick forced the cruiser to break off the attack and, thereafter, the convoy was protected by Force H from Gibraltar.
In 1942 she was extensively converted to carry 1,150 men for landings off enemy held coasts and on 5th May of that year supported Operation Ironclad, the invasion of Vichy held Madagasgar which had refused to support General de Gaulle and was a possible target for the Japanese.
She was also present at the Diego Suarez landings.
On 30th November 1942 at 17.30 hrs she was torpedoed three times by U-177 (Kaptain Gysae) 100 miles off Zululand.
When the U-Boat surfaced to confirm the name of the ship voices in the water replied 'Hardship' and 'Queen Mary'.
When Kaptain Gysae asked a group if there were any wounded he was told that they were only 'wet' so, amused, he sailed off into the night.
In fact, only two lives were lost.
Date of attack
30 Nov 1942
Sunk by U-177 (Robert Gysae)
Position 27.20S, 33.40E - Grid KP 5925
313 (3 dead and 310 survivors).
Mombasa - Dar es Salaam (26 Nov) - Durban
150 passengers and 300 tons of general cargo
Completed in January 1927
In 1940 the Llandaff Castle carried the first child evacuees to South Africa and was then requisitioned by the Admiralty as troopship. She brought troops to East Africa for the Abyssinian campaign and to the Middle East. Early 1942 extensively converted to carry 1150 soldiers for landings off enemy held coasts. On 5 May 1942, she took part in the Operation Ironclad, the landings at the Vichy-French port of Diego Suarez on Madagascar.
Notes on loss
At 17.29 hours on 30 Nov, 1942, the unescorted Llandaff Castle (Master Cornwallis Jasper Clutterbuck OBE) was hit by two torpedoes from U-177 southeast of Lourenço Marques. The ship broke in two and sank after being hit by two coups de grâce at 17.47 and 18.09 hours. On board were 150 passengers including six Soviet diplomats with wives and children and 70 military officers with families. Three crew members were lost. The U-boat surfaced to question the survivors and as Gysae asked for the name of the ship voices replied Hardship and Queen Mary. He then asked if there were any wounded he was told that they were only wet so, amused, he left the area. The master, 155 crew members, four gunners and 150 passengers were picked up on 2 December by HMS Catterick (L 81) (Lt A. Tyson, RN) and landed at Durban.
We have listing of 96 people who were on this vessel
The following names are listed at the
Merchant Navy Memorial at Tower Hill